The government has been greatly concerned over the harm that drug and substance abuse causes in the youth, the entire labour force and the economy in general. As part of the effort to protect citizens from the harmful effects of drug and substances abuse, the governement has over the years put in place measures to address this problem. As a result various laws have been promulgated towards this end.

In additiion the government has ratified three major United Nations Conventions on Narcotic drugs and Psychotropic Substances. These include the Single Convention of Narcotics (1961) the Convention against illicit trafficking on narcotic drugs and Psychoptropic substances (1968) and the Convention on Psychotropic Substances(1971)

Nearer to home there is the East African Community’s Protocol On Combating Drug Trafficking In The East African Region and the Organisation Of Unity’s Declaration And Plan of Action On Drug Abuse And Illicit Trafficking Control In Africa which was adopted by the 32nd. Ordinary Session of Assembly of Heads of State and Government. This was in Yaounde, Cameroon. (8th. – 10th. July 1996)

Despite these efforts the harm to the country caused by drug and drug related use, substance abuse continues. There are the cases where 30 people died in Kiambu in 1999 after consuming an illicit brew. In 2000 a total of 130 people died in several parts of central Province and Rift Valley from alcoholic substances that were unfit for human consumption.

In 2001 Kumi Kumi another highly potent local brew killed many people in Nairobi. In its most recent effort to stamp out drug and substance abuse in the country the Government has set up the Office of the National Coordinator for the campaign against drug abuse